One of the masterpieces of the Iranian Railways is the Veresk Bridge as a Tourist Attraction, which is considered to be the most important and highest railroad bridge in Northern Iran. The bridge, which has a worldwide reputation, has been named "The Bridge of Victory" in all the works published after the end of the Second World War.
Veresk or Victory Bridge of WWII
The Veresk Bridge, which is actually the masterpieces of the world's architecture, is located in the Veresk Valley, 85 km south of Ghaemshahr, on the Savadkuh axis, and connects the tehran-north railway to the north. The greatness of the fact that the vast duche of Abbas Abad is interconnected is an inalienable fact that even foreign tourists admit to it, and the magnanimity and great will of the designer and the creators of that extremity descend.
In terms of its unique features, the bridge is also listed in the National Iranian Book List. "Bridge of Victory" is a nickname given by British Prime Minister Churchill during the Second World War to the Veresk Bridge. "Veresk Bridge" is one of the oldest railway bridges in the country, located 110 meters high, Its name is also recorded in Guinness Book, one of Iran's engineering masterpieces.
It should be noted that this building, contrary to the claim of some people that it was built by a German engineer, was the construction of an Austrian architect (Walter Inger) in 1310 AD, and the name of the bridge was taken from the village of Veresk, The north is the bridge. Veresk village at the time of the construction of the bridge has about 20 households.
According to local residents, when the bridge was built, under the decree of Reza Shah, the builder of the bridge, along with his wife and children, was placed underneath the bridge during the first train, in order to ensure that the structure was assured. The tomb of Walter Inger is near the bridge of Veresk.
Experts believe the Veresk bridge is a masterpiece of engineering, and sees it as one of the most important and most valuable works of railway engineering in the north of the Iran. The Veresk bridge, which is one of the strategic structures of Iran. It was built by the Swedish-Danish company Compsack, managed by Jürgen Saxside.The company had pledged to Reza Shah for a 70-year guarantee for the operation of the bridge, which received 1.5 grams of net gold per meter of rail for the duration of their construction.
The bridge was built on a north-south railroad track 110 meters high from the bottom of the 66-meter-wide valley with elementary equipment. The bridge connects the two awesome Abbasabad mountains. The creators of this ancient work, built it only for the train. However, today, even after a decade of the manufacturer's guarantee period, the bridge is still being used, and several times Tehran-Sari and Tehran-Gorgan passenger trains pass through it, as well as freight and fuel trains. .
During Reza Shah's rule and on May 1, 1312, the Danish company Compax signed a contract for the construction of the north-south railways of Iran. Until then, some American, English, French, and German companies failed to build railroads through the Alborz mountains.
The best engineers in Europe came to Iran and after providing aerial photographs from the Alborz Mountains they realized that the railway should pass from the village of Abbas Abad (later renamed Veresk), and the train should cross the village of Veresk along the distance Ten kilometers, as well as 600 meters of ascents, traveled from the mountain to the Gaduk tunnel, which made it impossible to move on such a steep slope for the train.
So they decided to run the path in the form of three steps on the slopes of the mountain, which became known as three gold lines. The design of these lines is intended to reduce the slope and increase the power factor of locomotives, which is far more valuable to the Iranians than gold. Hence, the three railway lines above each other are called three gold lines.
The Veresk Bridge, which connects the Northwest Railroad, is made with very simple tools such as dynamite and manual drill. It is made of cement mortar and sand and brick, and there is no reinforcement in its building. In other words, it was built on unarmed mortar. One of the wonders of the construction of this bridge is the lack of any metal structure in its construction. To construct the bridge, first concrete was created on both sides of the mountain and connected to each other, then an arched slab was installed on it and then a brick facade was executed on it.
Due to the possibility of a flood in the Veresk river, engineers decided to protect the train from the flood by constructing a tunnel under the river, then turning on the track and climbing a 100-meter high onto the Veresk railway bridge.
The total length of the Veresk Bridge, which is 66 meters deep and 110 meters high, is 4500 square meters. The total length of the bridge is 86 meters. The cost of its construction at that time was more than 2 million and 600 thousand Rials. To build this huge bridge, several designs based on the use of building materials, which were more affordable, were adopted.
According to some sources, since the outbreak of the Second World War and considering the possibility of the Alliance entering Iran and their use of Iran's railways, it was decided that all bridges should be mined. The Veresk Railway Bridge also included this order, but the bridges never exploded, and the Alliance, after knowing this, attempted to defuse the mines. Mohammad Sajjadi, Iran's Minister of Railways, between 1317 and 1320, referring to the Bridge of veresk, said: "When the terrible news of the Soviet fronts was heard, the Veresk Bridge and other major railway bridges were ordered for mining, and this was carried out carefully and confidentially. However, after the occupation of Iran by the Allies, there was no order to blast the bridges, and the Allies became aware of their exact location”.
During the Second World War, the Allies provided German troops with 75 armored vehicles from Shahpur port (current port of Imam Khomeini) daily to 75 Shah port (present day Turkmen port) to prevent the Soviet Union from defeating, and on average every 25 minutes The train crossed the bridge.
At the same time, on the orders of the authorities, the bridge was decorated in white and painted by Hussein Ali Shamshiri.
Veresk Bridge and three gold lines in the Veresk valley in the village of Veresk, located 45 km south of the Zirab city and 85 km from the city of Qaemshahr, in the Firoozkooh axis and on the north railroads.